Pat Quinn, Governor
Illinois EPA Information for Open Burning Permits
Who regulates open burning?
What is open burning?
Open burning is the combustion of any matter in the open or in an open dump. 415 ILCS 5/3.300.
Where do I go to find open burning permit applications?
Permit applications are listed above.
For other state environmental information, go to the Illinois EPA home page.
Are there standard conditions that must be followed when burning pursuant to an open burning permit?
Yes, these “Standard Conditions for Open Burning” are found in the IEPA Bureau of Air form APC-171.
Is there a fee for open burning permits?
No, open burning permits are free.
Where do I send in my open burning permit application?
Open burning permit applications may be mailed to:
Illinois EPA, Bureau of Air
When can I expect to receive my open burning permit?
The Illinois EPA has ninety days (90) by law to issue open burning permits.
Do I need a separate permit for each burn site?
Permit applicants may apply for multiple burn locations under a single permit application.
When does my open burning permit expire?
Permits are typically issued for a term of one year, after which time they expire.
How do I renew my open burning permit?
The renewal application should be sent to the Illinois EPA at least 90 days prior to expiration of the current permit.
Illinois Laws and Regulations on Open Burning Allow the Following Activities Without a Permit:
Cooking and campfires are allowed on private property and in public areas where specified.
The Following Activities are Never Allowed or Permitted:
It is illegal to burn anything except for landscape waste. Local ordinances may be more restrictive and must be followed.
An Open Burning Permit must be obtained from the Illinois EPA.
Houses donated for Firefighter Training/Fire Extinguisher Training must be free-standing establishments.Structures already demolished and/or debris are not eligible for donation to fire departments and may not be burned.
Structures are required to have an asbestos inspection - all asbestos containing materials must be removed prior to the burn.
Prescribed burning means the planned application of fire to natural or planted vegetative fuels under specified environmental conditions and following appropriate precautionary measures, which caused the fire to be confined to a predetermined area and accomplish the planned land management or ecological objectives – pursuant to Illinois Department of Natural Resources (Illinois DNR).
It is recommended that “prescribed” burns be conducted between October 1 and April 30 - the time frame established for prescribed burns in central Illinois by Illinois DNR.
Prescribed Burning and Smoke Management:
Prescribed burning should be conducted in accordance with Illinois EPA approved permit conditions and follow applicable standard conditions, as well as any special conditions outlined in the Open Burning Permit.
Smoke Management: For the purpose of Smoke Management, “prescribed” burns managed for resource benefits should be conducted in accordance with guidance outlined in the Draft Illinois Smoke Management Program. Smoke management components in burn plans should include:
Burn Managers in non-attainment areas of the state should use the Air Quality Index to monitor daily air quality conditions and delay burning on “Orange” or worse “Air Pollution Action Days”.
For prescribed fire training opportunities and more information on the IL Prescribed Burning Act and the IL Smoke Management Plan, please visit the Illinois Prescribed Fire Council website or email the Council.
Agricultural waste is any refuse generated on site on a farm or ranch by crop and livestock production practices including such items as bags, cartons, dry bedding, structural materials, and crop residues - excluding garbage, dead animals, buildings, corn cribs, and landscape waste.
Agriculture waste may be burned if the following criteria are met:
Landscape waste is leaves, grass, tree limbs, shrubbery cuttings, and other materials accumulated as the result of the care of lawns, shrubbery, vines, and trees.
Is it illegal to burn leaves in Illinois?
It depends on the local laws and ordinances as units of local governments have the authority to impose limitations on burning landscape waste including limiting the hours when such burning may occur, types of material allowed, as well as a total ban of open burning (e.g., leaf-burning ban). There is no state law or regulatory ban on leaf burning, however, local laws and ordinances govern.
While there are no state laws that prohibit open burning of landscape waste, restrictions do exist:
Commercial waste is waste generated by a business, industry, and government institutions.
Disaster debris istree limbs, brush, natural wood and plant debris, agricultural waste (bags, cartons, dry bedding, structural materials and crop residue), canvass sandbags, clean wood building debris, and lumber.
Disaster debris may be burned if the following criteria are met:
Does the burning of all disaster debris require an open burning permit?
No, the following disaster debris DOES NOT require an open burning permit:
When is a permit required when burning disaster debris?
The following types of disaster debris REQUIRE an open burning permit:
Is a Disaster Area Open Burning Permit always required during declared disasters?
Unless otherwise indicated above, or the requirement for such permits is suspended by the Governor, open burning permits are required from the Illinois EPA during times of declared disasters.
Local governments may likewise exempt all or part of local prohibitions and local permit requirements during declared disasters. Local governments cannot suspend the requirement to obtain an open burning permit from the Illinois EPA.
Units of local government can apply for multiple burn locations under a single permit application, and are encouraged to do so.
Applicants other than units of local government can also apply for multiple burn locations under a single permit if the applicant provides proof in the application that the proposed activities have been coordinated with the unit of local government and the local Fire Protection District.
!!Under no circumstances is open burning of asbestos containing materials or tires allowed!!
If permit is required, complete a Disaster Area Open Burning Permit Application Form.
FAX completed form to (217) 524-5023.
The Illinois EPA typically issues Disaster Area Open Burning Permits within 1 - 2 days after receipt of the application; however, upon request the Illinois EPA can expedite permits in the event of an emergency.
Disaster Area Open Burning Permits are typically issued for a short period (e.g., covering from 30 to 90 days) after which time they expire.
GENERAL CONDITIONS for the Open Burning of Disaster Debris
Are Woodstoves prohibited in Illinois?
The use of woodstoves is not prohibited in Illinois; however, the type of materials that may be burned as a fuel and the manner in which such stoves may be operated is limited to the fuels and the operation and maintenance procedures specified by the manufacturer of the stove.
Local governments have the authority to adopt ordinances limiting or prohibiting this type of activity.
Local ordinances may be more restrictive and must be followed.
For further information or if you have any questions please contact Floyd McKinney in the Bureau of Air Permit Section at (217) 782-2113. In the event that Floyd McKinney is not available, a secondary contact in the event of an emergency is John Blazis at (217) 524-0636.
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